It’s been said that the cannabis plants first came from Central and Southern Asia about 12,000 years ago. Cannabis traveled with the Viking ships in the 19th century and the Ganga continued into Africa and South America. Around the 20th century Marijuana made it to the United States coming through Mexico.
The medical marijuana plant houses over 400 know compounds and over 70 of these compounds are only are known as cannabinoids meaning that they are unique to the cannabis plant. The primary psychoactive compound is delta-9 THC.
~~ Best known cannabinoid in medical marijuana
~~ Acts as a muscle relaxant and and anti-inflammatory
~~ Psychologically acts as a stimulant
~~ Anti-epileptic, anti-depressant, increases appetite
~~ Reduces psychological effects of medical marijuana
~~ Effective treating illness with strong physical symptoms
~~ Reduces pain, reduces anxiety, reduces nausea, anti-convulsive, anti-schizophrenic
~~ Similar to THC, with less psychological effects
~~ Produced as THC breaks down within plant
~~ Analgesic, anti-seizure
~~ Enhances the effect of THC, makes high THC strains more potent
~~ Sedative, analgesic, anti-inflammatory effects, helps with sleep
The wacky weed has many uses such as: hemp, which can be used for paper, textiles and cordage. Hemp will not get you ‘high’, although hemp has no THC qualities it is still illegal in many states that have not legalized marijuana.
Over the years the marijuana plant has been manipulated and cross bred for many different varieties of strains of THC and CBD. Each cannabis strain will have its own unique effects.
Sativa strains provide invigorating uplifting effects, good for daytime and pain relieving properties. Sativa can help with symptom relief like depression, ADD, mood disorders or fatigue. Some of the more popular Sativa strains are: Amnesia Haze, Sour Diesel, Green Crack, Jack Herer, Maui Waui and Strawberry Cough.
The Sativa plant is tall and thin, with light green leaves that are also long and thin. These are better for outdoor gardens.
Indica strains are more sedating, better for relaxing or night time. Indica can be good for anxiety, pain, insomnia, muscle spasms or stress relief. Some of the more popular Indica strains are: Granddaddy Purple, Northern lights, Blueberry, Aurora Indica, Purple Kush.
The Indica plant is short and bushy, with fat deep green leaves. Indica plants are better for indoor gardens as they tend not to grow as tall.
Hybrids are the combination of the two; the cannabis strains can vary on depending if the parent plant is Sativa or Indica dominant.
The legalization of marijuana for medical and recreational purposes is growing around the world.
In the United States, California was the first state to legalize medical marijuana in 1996. In 1998, Alaska, Oregon and Washington joined. 1999; Maine, 2000: Colorado, Hawaii, Nevada. 2004: Montana and Vermont. 2006: Rhode Island. 2007: New Mexico. 2008: Michigan. 2010: Arizona, D.C., New Jersey. 2011: Delaware. 2012: Connecticut, Massachusetts. 20131: Illinois, New Hampshire. 2014: Maryland, Minnesota, New York. 2015: Louisiana. 2016: Ohio, Pennsylvania, Florida, North Dakota, Arkansas.
In 2012 Colorado and Washington were the first states to legalize for recreational use, in July 2017 Nevada joined in on the growing business.
Green: Adult Use refer to states in which cannabis is fully legal for adults over the age of 21. conditions of law may vary.
Yellow: Medical refers to states in which full-plant medical use is legal. It requires a prescription from a doctor and states have different lists of approved medical conditions.
Orange: Limited refers to states that allow use of cannabis oil for medical reasons. The conditions vary from state to state, along with restrictions on the type of oil. Most are high-CBD, low-THC oil.
Red: Illegal refers to states that completely prohibit the consumption.